As I pack my bags to attend Conference of the Parties (COP) 17 (yes, I am attending, no, I will not be quaffing overpriced organic champagne with the amazing eco-celebs, financiers and politicians, as I am more of a worker bee type and will be working during COP17). I started thinking about what I would like to the outcome of COP17 to be.
Recently all one hears about in the media and COP related meetings are:
which politicians and celebs will be attending
what are the best side events to attend (heaven forbid i don’t get seen at the right event)
what events have you been invited to …(best make sure I get onto the rights lists! )
who to network with
do you have enough business cards…(hopefully printed on recycled paper)
the astronomical cost of flights and accomodation
who will be using public transport…. (will some people actually do this? )
where will you be staying
what will the weather be like
One doesn’t really hear about the reality of climate change, the impacts that global temperature rise has as on vulnerable rural and coastal communities, what the impacts of having annual COPs have been or what the ideal outcome of this COP should be. Maybe its time someone did an evaluation of COP to determine if it is really helping with climate change mitigation and adaptation.
I am getting ahead of myself… anyway….
I thought that maybe a some information the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the desired outcome of COP17 would be a good idea to refresh my memory and also provide a background to the negations that will be starting in Durban on 28 November 2011.
The UNFCCC entered into force in 1995. SInce 1995 the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC have been meeting annually to assess progress in dealing with climate change. The COP adopts successive decisions and resolutions the aim of which is make up a detailed set of rules for practical and effective implementation of the Convention.
The COP serves as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, which adopts decisions and resolutions on the implementation of its provisions.
The COP adopts decisions and resolutions, published in reports of the COP with the aim of making up a detailed set of rules for practical and effective implementation of the Convention.
Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to the Protocol are able to participate in the CMP as observers, but without the right to take decisions.
South Africa (SA) will be hosting the 17th COP in Durban.
as the host SA holds the responsibility of being the incoming COP leadership, “this is a strategic and important task as SA will be required to coordinate and steer the COP17 process towards the reaching of an agreement.” (KZN: Department of Environmental Affairs, 2011)
I hope at COP 17 that we do not experience a repeat of events of previous COPs with lots of talk and very few concrete actions taken that will reduce and mitigate climate change risks and vulnerabilities. Currently the politics around climate change is not aligned with the scientific evidence. this is primarily due to a lack of political will and, in my opinion, due to much emphasis being placed on “low hanging fruit” and greenwashing. despite the signs of climate change and environmental degradation we still have countries (Japan, Russia, Canada and the US) that are not willing to commit to a 2nd commitment period.
Given the history of the UNFCC COPs a good outcome would be something along the following lines:
An agreement that is inclusive, fair, effective and legally binding and that operationalizes the agreements reached at Cancun while also enabling a 2nd commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol.
A 2nd commitment period that takes forward the issues of climate change, climate resilience, climate adaptation and also enables equitable growth and development.
Indications/ actions relating to the implementation of a 3rd commitment period(2018) that is also a legally binding agreement for all parties.
A Green Climate Fund. One that actually contains funds as opposed to one that will one day have funds.
An adaptation committee aimed at assisting Africa, the less developed countries and the small island states.
The determination of a Global Peak Year of 2015 and a 2050 greenhouse gas reduction target of 80%.
The protection of biodiversity and forest ecosystems.
I guess I should just get used to not getting what I want!
Do you think COP17 will help us move towards a safer and more sustainable world… or do you think it is an opportunity for politicians and eco-celebs to have their egos stroked while they pretend to be working for the greater good? take poll and give us your thoughts!
World Energy Outlook (International Energy Agency)
As we get closer to COP17 the issues of climate change, emissions, targets, the Cancun Agreement, equity, technology transfer, climate finance and what is expected from COP17 are on everyone’s mind. I these issues aren’t on your mind they should be because climate change will impact your life in one way or another….. if it hasn’t already. So I thought a bit of information on COP16 and its outcomes as well as what is expected from COP 17 would help contextualize the issues and hopefully get more of us thinking about the key issues around climate change and COP17.
Oil Refinery. (www.gaurdian.co.uk)
The key outcome of COP 16 is the Cancun Agreement. The Cancun Agreement is not regarded as the “ideal or required” fair, binding and ambitious agreement that is needed to resolve the climate change problem. A key criticism of the Cancun agreement is the fact that the agreement focused primarily on the alleviation of climate change symptoms without effectively addressing the causes of climate change. Of particular importance is the fact that the agreement did not include a binding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction target or strategy or resolve the issue of the financing of the Green Climate Fund and REDD+.
The Agreement included and recognised the following:
That reductions in global GHG emissions are required, in order to reduce GHG emissions
A Shared Vision that Parties need to take urgent action to meet this long-term goal of keeping temperature rise below 2º.
REDD+:agreement on reducing emissions from deforestation was reached despite the issue of financing not being resolved.
The establishment of a Green Climate Fund to mobilize long-term finance for climate change in developing countries. The financing of the fund was not detailed or specified and this was seen as a significant gap in the agreement.
The inclusion of gender considerations and the recognition that climate change impacts women and men differently.
Issues that were left to be resolved at COP 17, in Durban, South Africa are;
A decision on the second phase for the Kyoto Protocol.
Agreeing which countries are most vulnerable
The arrangements to compensate countries for permanent loss and damage due to climate change.