Here is some information and findings from the summary report that I found to be of interest:
- Sustainability is inextricably linked to equity. Understanding and exploring the links between environmental sustainability and equity is critical.
- Un-sustainability and in-equality should be the focus of all development initiatives. Consequently resources should be directed towards the critical challenges of un-sustainability and in-equality.
- Environmental degradation stunts people’s capabilities and goes beyond income impact to issues such as livelihoods, health, education and other dimensions of well-being.
- Fossil fuel driven consumption and growth is not a prerequisite for development.
- Development does not have to be fueled by high carbon emissions. For example: Norway’s per capita carbon emissions (11 tonnes) are less than those of UAE (35 tonnes). Both countries have high incomes.
- Environmental trends show deterioration which will impact human development. Those particularly at risk to environmental deterioration are the millions of people who depend directly on natural resources for their livelihoods.
- Globally, nearly 40 percent of land is degraded due to soil erosion, reduced fertility and overgrazing. Land productivity is declining, with estimated yield loss as high as 50 percent in the most adverse scenarios.
- Agriculture accounts for 70–85 percent of water use, and an estimated 20 percent of global grain production uses water unsustainably, imperiling future agricultural growth.
- Deforestation is a major challenge. Between 1990 and 2010 Latin America and the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa experienced the greatest forest losses.
- Transformation in gender roles and empowerment is a way to improve environmental sustainability, equity and facilitate development.
- There exists a need to integrate equity into green economy policies.
- The relationship between public and private sector finance is key in enabling sustainability and equity. Public sector commitments and efforts are an important leverage tool to catalyze private sector investment.
- The Report proposes an emphasis on 4 country-level sets of tools that are necessary to facilitate equitable and sustainable development these are:
- Low-emission, climate-resilient strategies— to align human development, equity and climate change goals.
- Public-private partnerships— to catalyze capital from businesses and households.
- Climate deal-flow facilities— to bring about equitable access to international public finance.
- Coordinated implementation and monitoring, reporting and verification systems— to bring about long-term, efficient results and accountability to local populations as well as partners.
You can view individual country profiles here.